Mechanism and nature of Hydroxyzine
The active substance of Atarax is Hydroxyzine that has anxiolytic, antihistamine, sedative and antiemetic action. Today, this brand name is no longer officially manufactured, this is why there are only generic products available on the market. The indications for use of Hydroxyzine are irritability, anxiety, psychoneurotic states, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, atopic dermatitis, eczema, dermatitis, urticaria, premidication stage; postoperative period (as part of combined therapy), vomiting. No deterioration of cognitive functions or withdrawal syndrome was mentioned during the testing of the substance.
Today, people, who use Hydroxyzine, mainly use it as a medicine for treating psychological ailments and anxioty caused by stress. But, as mentioned above, it comes handy while curing some other conditions.
If consider Hydroxyzine, it’s essential to be confident that you have no following contraindications: hypersensitivity towards cetirizine and piperazine derivatives, such as aminophylline or ethylenediamine, porphyria, pregnancy, period of birth activity, lactation period, myasthenia, prostatic hyperplasia with clinical manifestations, difficulty of urination. constipation or dementia are also perceived as contraindications. Increased intraocular pressure (ophthalmotonus), inclination to seizures, arrhythmia, renal/hepatic failure(s).
Hydroxyzine: Side reactions (effects)
Even though this medicine is said to be “minor tranqualizer”, small doses, in some cases, can cause such side effects as drowsiness, weakness, headache, dizziness, ataxia, dry mouth, acute rise in intraocular pressure, tremor, acute urinary retention, constipation, disturbance of accommodation, tachycardia, increased sweating, decreased blood pressure, increased activity of liver enzymes, allergic reactions, bronchial spasm. In rare instances: confusion, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, involuntary motor activity, decrease in blood pressure, arrhythmia. Hydroxyzine poisoning is treated by: gastric lavage, if sensible blood presure decrease occurs – infusion of blood products, norepinephrine (epinephrine should not be injected), monitoring of vital functions. No specific antidote is available. Hemodialysis is ineffective. Be very careful before using Hydroxyzine, because the amount of fake-production is really huge nowadays. If you want to get Hydroxyzine via the internet, you should firstly get enough information about distributor and online shop, offering the products. Positive references are also essential.
If you are about to use Hydroxyzine, you should firstly get to know more about dosages and strengths that can vary much, depending on ailment or illness you want to cure. The mostly used ones are Hydroxyzine 25mg and Hydroxyzine 10mg, used by those who suffer from increased excitability or anxiety, but also, sometimes taken by people being on preoperation preparation as a sedative material in dosages of 1mg/1kg at night before operation or 200mg right before operation. Of course, people use Hydroxyzine for different purposes, so the strengths will differ as well. It should be mentioned that serious side effects occur only in case the maximum dosage of drug is exceeded. What is more, treating such ailments as anxioty doesn’t need high doses of Hydroxyzine. Medical consultation is adviced.
Hydroxyzine: How to use
Before you decide to use Hydroxyzine, make sure that you are informed about how these medicines should be injected properly. Firstly, it’s taken with food without chewing and the injectable form is proposed only for the intramuscular injection (in the area of ??large muscles). Hydroxyzine 25mg or Hydroxyzine 10mg dosages can be enough to run the medication course, depending on what you are about to treat. For example, in children 1-6 years old for the treatment of itching – 1mg/kg/day, maximum – 2.5mg/kg/day, from 6 years – 1 mg/kg/day, maximum – 2mg/kg/day in divided doses. Among elderly patients, treatment is initiated with a half of the dose. In renal or hepatic insufficiency, dose should be reduced.
Hydroxyzine: Specific instructions
If medicine is accidentally injected under the skin, can cause significant tissue damage. There are specifically no possible ways of determining the presence of medicine in biological fluids and tissues. Before the allergy tests, the drug should be discontinued 5 days before the test procedure. During the period of treatment, it’s necessary to keep caution while driving or while doing something that requires high concentration and speedy psychomotor reactions.
Medical consultation is recommended.